Introduction: What is Indian Nationalism and How Did it Evolve?
jawaharlal nehru Indian nationalism first took form in the 18th century when the British East India Company began to expand its influence in India.
The Indian National Congress, a political party founded on Indian nationalism, played an influential role in the independence movement jawaharlal nehru.
The party by jawaharlal nehru was instrumental in winning over public opinion and gaining support for independence from Britain. Independence Day is celebrated every year on August 15th to commemorate India’s Independence from Britain. in 1947.The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885, but the name of the party came into use only in 1885. The Indian National Congress was formed by those who wanted to free India from British rule, especially Indians living on the western coast of India and mainly in Bombay Presidency (present-day Maharashtra).
The name “Indian National Congress” was chosen to indicate the inclusion of all Indians throughout British India, and its members wanted to replace British rule with self-rule in a free India. 1st pm for india jawaharlal nehru
The Congress was founded on January 26, 1885 at Bombay University’s Elphinstone Hall in the presence of about 150 people.
The meeting was convened by Bal Gangadhar Tilak “to found a society for the study of the Science of Government”, and was attended by people like Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Lala Lajpat Rai and B.G. Tilak, who would later become leaders in the Indian independence movement.
The British Raj was also discussed at length during this meeting with Bal Gangadhar Tilak saying “I shall pledge my word that every drop of blood shed by the Indian in the present struggle shall be paid back a hundredfold”.
Anthropology, Human Rights and Colonialism: A Global Perspective Volume 1British colonialism led to the birth of anthropology as a distinct discipline, with its focus on documenting and observing non-Western societies. The work of the British Empire in India was carried out by the East India Company which ruled from 1757 to 1858.In her book “Anthropology, Human Rights and Colonialism:
Jaherlal Nehru and the Continued Evolution of Indian Nationalism in Early 20th Century
Nehru was a proponent of the Indian National Congress by jawaharlal nehru and the Indian independence movement. He led India during its struggle for freedom, and became its first Prime Minister. Nehru was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and his ideas of non-violent resistance, which he implemented in his own life.
Jaherlal Nehru is known as one of the most influential figures in modern India’s history, who had a significant impact on politics, government, and society in South Asia.
His political philosophy promoted social equality through economic and social reform with democratic socialism that would be achieved through nonviolent means.
The continued evolution of Indian nationalism is evident from Nehru’s contributions to the country’s independence movement. .One of the tenets of Nehru’s ideology was that a country could achieve social equality through economic and social reform with democratic socialism In his book “The Discovery of India”, Nehru wrote, “India cannot be free unless it is socialist in its economic life.
“jawaharlal Nehru also expressed that India must base its future on democracy, science, technology , economic development and secularism .Some argue that the Nehruvian model was a precursor to the modern “neoliberal” economic policy, which is also often known as “New Imperialism”. The New Imperialists were proponents of market-based policies and neo-liberal theory.
Emergence of the Indian National Congress in 1885
The Indian National Congress was created in 1885 as a result of the Indian Mutiny. It was formed by British India’s elite, who wanted to create a nationalist movement that would be able to challenge British rule.
The Congress Party became one of the two main political parties in India in the years after independence, and is now the world’s largest political party.
The party has been at the forefront of many of India’s major social and economic reforms since independence, including land reform and economic liberalization. .The Indian National Congress is the world’s largest political party, with more than 18 million members in India and nearly 24 million members worldwide.
The Presidency of Manmohan Singh was the first time an Indian prime minister served since Jawaharlal Nehru, and he was re-elected in 2009 with a majority of over ten million votes. After 1947 , the Indian National Congress has been the dominant party in India and its governments under Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, and P. V. Narasimha Rao were responsible for implementing far-reaching economic reforms. The Indian National Congress is now a coalition of political parties including the Indian National Trade Union Congress, the Communist Party of India.
First Non-Cooperative Elections Held in India in 1892
India was the first country in the world to have non-cooperative elections. The British government imposed these elections as a way of controlling Indian people. jawaharlal nehru great personality
Elections were typically held on a single day, but in 1892, India had its first non-cooperative election which lasted for months. This was done because the British government wanted to maintain control over India and ensure that they had enough time to prepare for it. .
The United States creates the Department of Defense and names it the “National Defense Council” to replace the War Department. This is done to create a single agency that handles all matters related to defense, including foreign policy, military affairs, and diplomacy
. The National Defense Council has jurisdiction over all armed forces in America, with no separate agencies handling these respective aspects of military operations. The National Defense Council has the most power of any body in the nation. It has the authority to legislate, making laws that have binding force on all militaries of America and their members. The Council also has responsibility for military intelligence, cryptology, and nuclear deterrence. If a member of any military organization decides to disobey a law passed by the Council, it can be punished.
The Council is led by a President, who cannot serve more than two terms; there have been only three people to have jawaharlal nehru served as President since the establishment of the council.
Jawaharlal nehru-Liaquat Pact of 1950 Between India and Pakistan
The Jaherlal-Liaquat Pact of 1950 was a treaty between India and Pakistan that aimed to end the hostility and tensions between the two countries.
The pact was signed by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistani Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan on August 11, 1950.
The agreement provided for the exchange of prisoners, withdrawal of troops from border areas, release of prisoners from each country, and a commitment to resolve disputes through peaceful means. .
The two leaders agreed on a ceasefire and the withdrawal of troops.In January 1951, India broke the terms of the agreement by launching an attack on West Pakistan.Pakistan responded by sending a military expedition to East Pakistan, which resulted in defeat and occupation of East Pakistan by Pakistani forces.
India started Operation Polo in February 1971 to support East Pakistan is in their struggle for independence from Pakistan.The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military conflict between India and Pakistan which resulted in the liberation of East Bengal, now known as Bangladesh.
It began on 3 December 1971 when Indian troops crossed the international border into West Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and subsequently captured more than half the country before Pakistani forces surrendered to India.
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